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Photo by Ree from Pexels. Image edited by Meghan Boyd, 2019.
First published in 1858 and known for its beautifully illustrated images, the text that has become known as Gray's Anatomy remains essential to the anatomical field. Today it exists in numerous formats, editions, and variations.
Note: The most recent edition (the 41st) was published in 2015, but many older editions that you may find in a library are still very relevant.
Also Note: There are alternative titles to the text, but if its written by Henry Gray and illustrated by Henry Vandyke Carter, it's Gray's Anatomy.
Useful texts will vary widely based on skill level, but here are some resources for university-level beginner's education.
- The Open Textbook Library contains several anatomical and medical textbooks. Please be sure to examine the copyright privileges of each text.
- Visual learners may benefit from one of many Anatomy Coloring Books available. Here is one that is freely available as a PDF.
The Visible Human Project
Originally created in the mid 1990s by the National Library of Medicine, this is now freely in the Public Domain.The Visible Human project comprises "publicly-available complete, anatomically detailed, three-dimensional representations of a human male body and a human female body. Specifically, the VHP provides a public-domain library of cross-sectional cryosection, CT, and MRI images obtained from one male cadaver and one female cadaver."
Also created by the National Library of Medicine, MedPix is an open-access Medical Image Database created for use by those in the medical profession. MedPix draws from over 12,000 patients and contains over 56,000 images.
Open Learning Initiative
Take a Stanford University class on anatomy through this open initiative. You can create an account for free, or use as a guest. Be aware that if you login as a guest, you will not be able to save your work.
This website is an excellent interactive learning tool for beginners. Creating an account is free, but if you don't wish to do so, you can check out their YouTube channel
for instructional videos.
Watch on YouTube
These channels from anatomical and medical professionals aim to share information to aid in the instruction of anatomy.
Read about the measured effectiveness of YouTube as a teaching method in this article available through PubMed.
Human Anatomy Education
This channel, run by a senior anatomical instructor
in Nova Scotia, contains hundreds of high-quality instructional videos on the subject of anatomy. The content of the videos is at medical students and professionals.
Created by Kristina Lisk
, AnatomyTutorials on YouTube has advanced teaching content in videos that average about 7 minutes in length.
Khan Academy's mission is "is to provide a world-class education for anyone, anywhere." Khan Academy is top rated by many independent institutions as a great free learning tool. All of their content is also available on their website
Written and hosted by Kevin Patton, a President Emeritus of the Human Anatomy and Physiology Society (HAPS), the A&P Podcast discusses current trends and issues in the fields of anatomy and pathology.